Defending digital security and personal data has become an unavoidable issue in Europe at a time when cyber attacks are multiplying in France and around the world. A study conducted by McAfee* shows that computer attacks have increased by more than 430% in 2018. In recent months, no less than 42% of French VSEs and SMEs have been victims of at least one incident affecting the security of their data, and 27% reported having suffered between 2 and 5 incidents over the course of the year. In total, almost 70% of French SMEs and VSEs were affected by one or more cyber attacks in 2018.
But, how do we prevent and detect these attacks?
How can we protect ourselves from them and react when they occur?
1. Putting in place an adequate IT infrastructure
The lack of information on computer protection systems suggests that setting up an IT structure adapted and customized to the needs of one’s business is very expensive. It is true that the implementation of such a structure is not free, but it is essential to ensure the security of your data and thus the sustainability of your company.
2. Educate your employees
34% of security incidents in companies are triggered by employees and 29% by former employees. Indeed, cybercriminals often use employees as an access point to penetrate a company’s infrastructure. Phishing e-mails, weak passwords, phony phone calls from the support department, even a common USB stick can jeopardize the entire network. All hackers need is to find someone inside the company who is not well informed or pays no attention to security.
Some companies have introduced strict rules and put additional responsibility on their employees, rather than simply encouraging vigilance and cooperation. This means that cybersecurity is no longer just a matter of technology, but is also linked to the culture and training within an organization.
3. Encrypt your data
Occasionally, a device or storage media may be lost. This is the second most common type of incident in cyber attacks. So remember to encrypt the data you deposit on your external media to ensure that the critical data they contain does not fall into the hands of an ill-intentioned person.
4. Update your software
Updating your software on all of your media is fundamental to guarantee their proper functioning. Updates are often patches made to the software to prevent possible security flaws that may have been detected by the developers themselves or by some users.
5. Check the security of your Cloud platforms
More and more companies today are working with the use of the Cloud. Remember to check that the cloud platform you use is certified and that it complies with the security standards in force for storing and sharing your files.
* McAfee Labs Threats Report 2018